Pompeii is an ancient Roman city, buried under a layer of volcanic ash after the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 years. The city was discovered in 1748, when the first archaeological excavations were conducted. Currently it is a museum under the open sky.
Ancient Pompeii was a typical small town. In the 1st century BC the city enters in the Roman state. When Vesuvius erupted in 79 years, Pompeii was covered with ash, but remained fully preserved. After its rediscovery in the 18th century, it became world-famous as the best preserved ancient city.
And nowadays Pompeii is considered the best-preserved ancient city, known to modern science. Its well-preserved ruins provide information about life in Roman cities of that period – paintings, everyday objects, buildings, people and animals.